Reaction: (1) L-quinate + NAD(P)+ = 3-dehydroquinate + NAD(P)H + H+
(2) shikimate + NAD(P)+ = 3-dehydroshikimate + NAD(P)H + H+
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: quinate = (1R,3R,4R,5R)-1,3,4,5-tetrahydroxycyclohexanecarboxylic acid and is a cyclitol carboxylate
The numbering system used for the 3-dehydroquinate is that of the recommendations on cyclitols, sections I-8 and I-9: and is shown in the reaction diagram. The use of the term '5-dehydroquinate' for this compound is based on an earlier system of numbering.
Other name(s): YdiB; quinate/shikimate dehydrogenase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: L-quinate:NAD(P)+ 3-oxidoreductase
Comments: This is the second shikimate dehydrogenase enzyme found in Escherichia coli. It can use both quinate and shikimate as substrates and either NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The low catalytic efficiency with both quinate and shikimate suggests that neither may be the physiological substrate. cf. EC 22.214.171.124, quinate/shikimate dehydrogenase (NAD+), EC 126.96.36.199, quinate/shikimate dehydrogenase (quinone), and EC 188.8.131.52, shikimate dehydrogenase (NADP+).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Michel, G., Roszak, A.W., Sauvé, V., Maclean, J., Matte, A., Coggins, J.R., Cygler, M. and Lapthorn, A.J. Structures of shikimate dehydrogenase AroE and its paralog YdiB. A common structural framework for different activities. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 19463-19472. [PMID: 12637497]
2. Benach, J., Lee, I., Edstrom, W., Kuzin, A.P., Chiang, Y., Acton, T.B., Montelione, G.T. and Hunt, J.F. The 2.3-Å crystal structure of the shikimate 5-dehydrogenase orthologue YdiB from Escherichia coli suggests a novel catalytic environment for an NAD-dependent dehydrogenase. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 19176-19182. [PMID: 12624088]