Reaction: 17β-estradiol + NAD(P)+ = estrone + NAD(P)H + H+
Other name(s): 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase; 17β,20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase; 17β-estradiol dehydrogenase; estradiol dehydrogenase; estrogen 17-oxidoreductase; 17β-HSD; HSD17B7
Systematic name: 17β-estradiol:NAD(P)+ 17-oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme oxidizes or reduces the hydroxy/keto group on C17 of estrogens and androgens in mammals and regulates the biological potency of these steroids. The mammalian enzyme is bifunctional and also catalyses EC 18.104.22.1680, 3β-hydroxysteroid 3-dehydrogenase . The enzyme also acts on (S)-20-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one and related compounds, oxidizing the (S)-20-group, but unlike EC 22.214.171.124, 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, it is Si-specific with respect to NAD(P)+.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9028-61-9
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