IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: superoxide reductase

Reaction: superoxide + reduced rubredoxin + 2 H+ = H2O2 + oxidized rubredoxin

Glossary entries:
rubredoxin = iron-containing protein found in sulfur-metabolizing bacteria and archaea, participating in electron transfer

Other names: neelaredoxin; desulfoferrodoxin

Systematic name: rubredoxin:superoxide oxidoreductase

Comments: The enzyme contains non-heme iron.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 250679-67-5


1. Jenney, F.E., Jr., Verhagen, M.F.J.M., Cui, X. and Adams, M.W.W. Anaerobic microbes: Oxygen detoxification without superoxide dismutase. Science 286 (1999) 306-309. [PMID: 10514376]

2. Yeh, A.P., Hu, Y., Jenney, F.E., Jr., Adams, M.W.W. and Rees, D.C. Structures of the superoxide reductase from Pyrococcus furiosus in the oxidized and reduced states. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 2499-2508. [PMID: 10704199]

3. Lombard, M., Fontecave, M., Touati, D. and Niviere, V. Reaction of the desulfoferrodoxin from Desulfoarculus baarsii with superoxide anion. Evidence for a superoxide reductase activity. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 115-121. [PMID: 10617593]

4. Abreu, I.A., Saraiva, L.M., Carita, J., Huber, H., Stetter, K.O., Cabelli, D. and Teixeira, M. Oxygen detoxification in the strict anaerobic archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus: superoxide scavenging by neelaredoxin. Mol. Microbiol. 38 (2000) 322-334. [PMID: 11069658]

[EC created 2001 as EC, transferred 2001 to EC]

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