Reaction: L-glutamate 1-semialdehyde + NADP+ + tRNAGlu = L-glutamyl-tRNAGlu + NADPH + H+
For diagram click here.
Systematic name: L-glutamate-semialdehyde: NADP+ oxidoreductase (L-glutamyl-tRNAGlu-forming)
Comments: This enzyme forms part of the pathway for the biosynthesis of 5-aminolevulinate from glutamate, known as the C5 pathway. The route shown in the diagram is used in most eubacteria, and in all archaebacteria, algae and plants. However, in the α-proteobacteria, EC 220.127.116.11, 5-aminolevulinate synthase, is used in an alternative route to produce the product 5-aminolevulinate from succinyl-CoA and glycine. This route is found in the mitochondria of fungi and animals, organelles that are considered to be derived from an endosymbiotic α-proteobacterium. Although higher plants do not possess EC 18.104.22.168, the protistan Euglena gracilis possesses both the C5 pathway and EC 22.214.171.124.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 119940-26-0
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