Reaction: trypanothione + NADP+ = trypanothione disulfide + NADPH + H+
For diagram click here.
Other name(s): trypanothione reductase; NADPH2:trypanothione oxidoreductase
Systematic name: trypanothione:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: Trypanothione disulfide is the oxidized form of N1,N6-bis(glutathionyl)-spermidine from the insect-parasitic trypanosomatid Crithidia fasciculata. The enzyme from Crithidia fasciculata is a flavoprotein (FAD), whose activity is dependent on a redox-active cystine at the active centre. (cf. EC 22.214.171.124, glutathione-disulfide reductase)
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 102210-35-5
1. Shames, S.L., Fairlamb, A.H., Cerami, A. and Walsh, C.T. Purification and characterization of trypanothione reductase from Crithidia fasciculata, a newly discovered member of the family of disulfide-containing flavoprotein reductases. Biochemistry 25 (1986) 3519-3526.
2. Marsh, I.R. and Bradley, M. Substrate specificity of trypanothione reductase. Eur. J. Biochem. 243 (1977) 690-694. [PMID: 9057833]
3. Cunningham, M.L. and Fairlamb, A.H. Trypanothione reductase from Leishmania donovani. Purification, characterisation and inhibition by trivalent antimonials. Eur. J. Biochem. 230 (1995) 460-468. [PMID: 7607216]