Reaction: GDP-β-L-fucose + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-R = GDP + α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-R
Other name(s): blood group H α-2-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); guanosine diphosphofucose-galactoside 2-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); α-(1→2)-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); α-2-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); α-2-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); blood-group substance H-dependent fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein 2-α-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); guanosine diphosphofucose-lactose fucosyltransferase; GDP fucose-lactose fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphospho-L-fucose-lactose fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-β-D-galactosyl-α-2-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); guanosine diphosphofucose-galactosylacetylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide α-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); H-gene-encoded β-galactoside α(1→2)fucosyltransferase; β-galactoside α(1→2)fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); GDP-L-fucose:lactose fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:β-D-galactosyl-R 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase (ambiguous); FUT1 (gene name); FUT2 (gene name)
Systematic name: GDP-β-L-fucose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-R α-(1,2)-L-fucosyltransferase (configuration-inverting)
Comments: The enzyme acts on a glycoconjugates where R (see reaction) is a glycoprotein or glycosphingolipid. The recognized moiety of the substrate is known as a type 2 histo-blood group antigen precursor disaccharide, and the action of the enzyme produces an H type 2 antigen. Humans possess two enzymes able to catalyse this reaction, encoded by the FUT1 and FUT2 genes (also known as the H and Secretor genes, respectively), but only FUT1 is expressed in red blood cells. cf. EC 184.108.40.206, type 1 galactoside α-(1,2)-fucosyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:
1. Basu, S., Basu, M. and Chien, J.L. Enzymatic synthesis of a blood group H-related glycosphingolipid by an α-fucosyltransferase from bovine spleen. J. Biol. Chem. 250 (1975) 2956-2962. [PMID: 804484]
2. Grollman, A.P. GDP-L-fucose:lactose fucosyltransferase from mammary gland. Methods Enzymol. 8 (1966) 351-353.
3. Ernst, L.K., Rajan, V.P., Larsen, R.D., Ruff, M.M. and Lowe, J.B. Stable expression of blood group H determinants and GDP-L-fucose: β-D-galactoside 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase in mouse cells after transfection with human DNA. J. Biol. Chem. 264 (1989) 3436-3447. [PMID: 2464598]
4. Larsen, R.D., Ernst, L.K., Nair, R.P. and Lowe, J.B. Molecular cloning, sequence, and expression of a human GDP-L-fucose:β-D-galactoside 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase cDNA that can form the H blood group antigen. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87 (1990) 6674-6678. [PMID: 2118655]