IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: cardiolipin synthase (CMP-forming)

Reaction: a CDP-diacylglycerol + a phosphatidylglycerol = a cardiolipin + CMP

Systematic name: CDP-diacylglycerol:phosphatidylglycerol diacylglycerolphosphotransferase (CMP-forming)

Comments: The eukaryotic enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of the mitochondrial phospholipid cardiolipin. It requires divalent cations for activity.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Schlame, M. and Hostetler, K.Y. Solubilization, purification, and characterization of cardiolipin synthase from rat liver mitochondria. Demonstration of its phospholipid requirement. J. Biol. Chem. 266 (1991) 22398-22403. [PMID: 1657995]

2. Nowicki, M., Muller, F. and Frentzen, M. Cardiolipin synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett 579 (2005) 2161-2165. [PMID: 15811335]

3. Houtkooper, R.H., Akbari, H., van Lenthe, H., Kulik, W., Wanders, R.J., Frentzen, M. and Vaz, F.M. Identification and characterization of human cardiolipin synthase. FEBS Lett 580 (2006) 3059-3064. [PMID: 16678169]

4. Sandoval-Calderon, M., Geiger, O., Guan, Z., Barona-Gomez, F. and Sohlenkamp, C. A eukaryote-like cardiolipin synthase is present in Streptomyces coelicolor and in most actinobacteria. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 17383-17390. [PMID: 19439403]

[EC created 2014]

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