IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: (–)-germacrene D synthase

Reaction: (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate = (–)-germacrene D + diphosphate

For diagram of reaction click here.

Glossary: (–)-germacrene D = (1E,6E,8S)-1-methyl-5-methylidene-8-(propan-2-yl)cyclodeca-1,6-diene

Systematic name: (2E,6E)-farnesyl-diphosphate diphosphate-lyase [(–)-germacrene-D-forming]

Comments: In Solidago canadensis the biosynthesis results in the pro-R hydrogen at C-1 of the farnesy diphosphate ending up at C-11 of the (–)-germacrene D [1]. With Streptomyces coelicolor the pro-S hydrogen at C-1 ends up at C-11 of the (–)-germacrene D [2].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:


1. Schmidt, C.O., Bouwmeester, H.J., Franke, S. and König, W.A. Mechanisms of the biosynthesis of sesquiterpene enantiomers (+)- and (–)-germacrene D in Solidago canadensis. Chirality 11 (1999) 353-362.

2. He, X. and Cane, D.E. Mechanism and stereochemistry of the germacradienol/germacrene D synthase of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (2004) 2678-2679. [PMID: 14995166]

3. Lucker, J., Bowen, P. and Bohlmann, J. Vitis vinifera terpenoid cyclases: functional identification of two sesquiterpene synthase cDNAs encoding (+)-valencene synthase and (–)-germacrene D synthase and expression of mono- and sesquiterpene synthases in grapevine flowers and berries. Phytochemistry 65 (2004) 2649-2659. [PMID: 15464152]

4. Prosser, I., Altug, I.G., Phillips, A.L., Konig, W.A., Bouwmeester, H.J. and Beale, M.H. Enantiospecific (+)- and (–)-germacrene D synthases, cloned from goldenrod, reveal a functionally active variant of the universal isoprenoid-biosynthesis aspartate-rich motif. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 432 (2004) 136-144. [PMID: 15542052]

[EC created 2011]

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