IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: phycoerythrocyanin α-cysteine-84 phycoviolobilin lyase/isomerase

Reaction: [phycoerythrocyanin α-subunit]-Cys84-phycoviolobilin = apo-[phycoerythrocyanin α-subunit] + (2R,3E)-phycocyanobilin

Glossary: phycocyanobilin = 3,31-didehydro-2,3-dihydromesobiliverdin
phycoviolobilin = 15,16-dihydrobiliverdin IIIa

Other name(s): pecE (gene name); pecF (gene name); phycoviolobilin phycoerythrocyanin-α84-cystein-lyase; PecE/PecF; PEC-Cys-R84 PCB lyase/isomerase

Systematic name: [phycoerythrocyanin α-subunit]-Cys84-phycoviolobilin:(2R,3E)-phycocyanobilin lyase/isomerase

Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the cyanobacteria Nostoc sp. PCC 7120 and Mastigocladus laminosus, catalyses the covalent attachment of the phycobilin chromophore phycocyanobilin to cysteine 84 of the β subunit of the phycobiliprotein phycoerythrocyanin and its isomerization to phycoviolobilin.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Jung, L.J., Chan, C.F. and Glazer, A.N. Candidate genes for the phycoerythrocyanin α subunit lyase. Biochemical analysis of pecE and pecF interposon mutants. J. Biol. Chem. 270 (1995) 12877-12884. [PMID: 7759546]

2. Zhao, K.H., Deng, M.G., Zheng, M., Zhou, M., Parbel, A., Storf, M., Meyer, M., Strohmann, B. and Scheer, H. Novel activity of a phycobiliprotein lyase: both the attachment of phycocyanobilin and the isomerization to phycoviolobilin are catalyzed by the proteins PecE and PecF encoded by the phycoerythrocyanin operon. FEBS Lett 469 (2000) 9-13. [PMID: 10708746]

3. Storf, M., Parbel, A., Meyer, M., Strohmann, B., Scheer, H., Deng, M.G., Zheng, M., Zhou, M. and Zhao, K.H. Chromophore attachment to biliproteins: specificity of PecE/PecF, a lyase-isomerase for the photoactive 31-cys-α 84-phycoviolobilin chromophore of phycoerythrocyanin. Biochemistry 40 (2001) 12444-12456. [PMID: 11591166]

4. Zhao, K.H., Wu, D., Wang, L., Zhou, M., Storf, M., Bubenzer, C., Strohmann, B. and Scheer, H. Characterization of phycoviolobilin phycoerythrocyanin-α 84-cystein-lyase-(isomerizing) from Mastigocladus laminosus. Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (2002) 4542-4550. [PMID: 12230566]

[EC created 2015]

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