Reaction: tRNA uridine38/39 = tRNA pseudouridine38/39
For diagram of mechanism click here.
Other name(s): Deg1; Pus3p; pseudouridine synthase 3
Systematic name: tRNA-uridine38/39 uracil mutase
Comments: The enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is active only towards uridine38 and uridine39, and shows no activity with uridine40 (cf. EC 188.8.131.52, tRNA pseudouridine38-40 synthase) . In vitro the enzyme from mouse is active on uridine39 and very slightly on uridine38 (human tRNALeu) .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Lecointe, F., Simos, G., Sauer, A., Hurt, E.C., Motorin, Y. and Grosjean, H. Characterization of yeast protein Deg1 as pseudouridine synthase (Pus3) catalyzing the formation of Ψ38 and Ψ39 in tRNA anticodon loop. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 1316-1323. [PMID: 9430663]
2. Chen, J. and Patton, J.R. Pseudouridine synthase 3 from mouse modifies the anticodon loop of tRNA. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 12723-12730. [PMID: 11027153]