Reaction: ATP + (R)-pantoate = ADP + (R)-4-phosphopantoate
Other name(s): PoK; TK2141 protein
Systematic name: ATP:(R)-pantoate 4-phosphotransferase
Comments: The conversion of (R)-pantoate to (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate is part of the pathway leading to biosynthesis of 4'-phosphopantetheine, an essential cofactor of coenzyme A and acyl-carrier protein. In bacteria and eukaryotes this conversion is performed by condensation with β-alanine, followed by phosphorylation (EC 22.214.171.124 and EC 126.96.36.199, respectively). In archaea the order of these two steps is reversed, and phosphorylation precedes condensation with β-alanine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Yokooji, Y., Tomita, H., Atomi, H. and Imanaka, T. Pantoate kinase and phosphopantothenate synthetase, two novel enzymes necessary for CoA biosynthesis in the Archaea. J. Biol. Chem. 284 (2009) 28137-28145. [PMID: 19666462]