IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: lipopolysaccharide core heptose(I) kinase

Reaction: ATP + an α-Hep-(1→3)-α-Hep-(1→5)-[α-Kdo-(2→4)]-α-Kdo-(2→6)-[lipid A] = ADP + an α-Hep-(1→3)-4-O-phospho-α-Hep-(1→5)-[α-Kdo-(2→4)]-α-Kdo-(2→6)-[lipid A]

Glossary: Lipid A is a lipid component of the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Gram-negative bacteria. It usually consists of two glucosamine units connected by a β(1→6) bond and decorated with four to seven acyl chains and up to two phosphate groups.
Hep = L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose.

Other name(s): WaaP; RfaP

Systematic name: ATP:an α-Hep-(1→3)-α-Hep-(1→5)-[α-Kdo-(2→4)]-α-Kdo-(2→6)-[lipid A] heptoseI 4-O-phosphotransferase

Comments: The enzyme catalyses the phosphorylation of L-glycero-D-manno-heptose I (the first heptose added to the lipid, Hep I) in the biosynthesis of the inner core oligosaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) of some Gram-negative bacteria.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Yethon, J.A. and Whitfield, C. Purification and characterization of WaaP from Escherichia coli, a lipopolysaccharide kinase essential for outer membrane stability. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 5498-5504. [PMID: 11069912]

2. Zhao, X. and Lam, J.S. WaaP of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a novel eukaryotic type protein-tyrosine kinase as well as a sugar kinase essential for the biosynthesis of core lipopolysaccharide. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 4722-4730. [PMID: 11741974]

3. Kreamer, N.NK., Chopra, R., Caughlan, R.E., Fabbro, D., Fang, E., Gee, P., Hunt, I., Li, M., Leon, B.C., Muller, L., Vash, B., Woods, A.L., Stams, T., Dean, C.R. and Uehara, T. Acylated-acyl carrier protein stabilizes the Pseudomonas aeruginosa WaaP lipopolysaccharide heptose kinase. Sci. Rep. 8 (2018) 14124. [PMID: 30237436]

[EC created 2021]

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