Reaction: [protein]-Nπ-phospho-L-histidine + D-glucose[side 1] = [protein]-L-histidine + D-glucose 6-phosphate[side 2]
Other name(s): ptsG (gene name); D-glucose PTS permease; EIIGlc; Enzyme IIGlc
Systematic name: protein-Nπ-phospho-L-histidine:D-glucose Nπ-phosphotransferase
Comments: This enzyme is a component (known as enzyme II) of a phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent, sugar transporting phosphotransferase system (PTS). The system, which is found only in prokaryotes, simultaneously transports its substrate from the periplasm or extracellular space into the cytoplasm and phosphorylates it. The phosphate donor, which is shared among the different systems, is a phospho-carrier protein of low molecular mass that has been phosphorylated by EC 18.104.22.168 (phosphoenolpyruvateprotein phosphotransferase). Enzyme II, on the other hand, is specific for a particular substrate, although in some cases alternative substrates can be transported with lower efficiency. The reaction involves a successive transfer of the phosphate group to several amino acids within the enzyme before the final transfer to the substrate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:
1. Stock, J.B., Waygood, E.B., Meadow, N.D., Postma, P.W. and Roseman, S. Sugar transport by the bacterial phosphotransferase system. The glucose receptors of the Salmonella typhimurium phosphotransferase system. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 14543-14552. [PMID: 6292227]
2. Erni, B. and Zanolari, B. Glucose-permease of the bacterial phosphotransferase system. Gene cloning, overproduction, and amino acid sequence of enzyme IIGlc. J. Biol. Chem. 261 (1986) 16398-16403. [PMID: 3023349]