IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: protein-Nπ-phosphohistidine—maltose phosphotransferase

Reaction: [protein]-Nπ-phospho-L-histidine + maltose[side 1] = [protein]-L-histidine + maltose 6'-phosphate[side 2]

Other name(s): malT (gene name); maltose PTS permease; EIIMal; Enzyme IIMal

Systematic name: protein-Nπ-phospho-L-histidine:maltose Nπ-phosphotransferase

Comments: This enzyme is a component (known as enzyme II) of a phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent, sugar transporting phosphotransferase system (PTS). The system, which is found only in prokaryotes, simultaneously transports its substrate from the periplasm or extracellular space into the cytoplasm and phosphorylates it. The phosphate donor, which is shared among the different systems, is a phospho-carrier protein of low molecular mass that has been phosphorylated by EC (phosphoenolpyruvate—protein phosphotransferase). Enzyme II, on the other hand, is specific for a particular substrate, although in some cases alternative substrates can be transported with lower efficiency. The reaction involves a successive transfer of the phosphate group to several amino acids within the enzyme before the final transfer to the substrate.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Robrish, S.A., Fales, H.M., Gentry-Weeks, C. and Thompson, J. Phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent maltose:phosphotransferase activity in Fusobacterium mortiferum ATCC 25557: specificity, inducibility, and product analysis. J. Bacteriol. 176 (1994) 3250-3256. [PMID: 8195080]

2. Webb, A.J., Homer, K.A. and Hosie, A.H. A phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system is the principal maltose transporter in Streptococcus mutans, J. Bacteriol. 189 (2007) 3322-3327. [PMID: 17277067]

[EC created 1972 as EC, part transferred 2016 to EC]

Return to EC 2.7.1 home page
Return to EC 2.7 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page