Retinal and Derivatives Biosynthesis

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© IUBMB 2011

These enzymes act on a range of carotenoids with a β-end group at one end but only giving one molecule of retinal.

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enzyme nomenclature homepage
β-carotene biosynthesis
EC alcohol dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]
EC all-trans-retinol dehydrogenase (NAD+)
EC 11-cis-retinol dehydrogenase
EC retinal dehydrogenase
EC retinal oxidase
EC all-trans-retinol 13,14-reductase
EC β-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase
EC all-trans-retinol 3,4-desaturase
EC retinol O-fatty-acyltransferase
EC carboxylesterase
EC triacylglycerol lipase
EC 11-cis-retinyl-palmitate hydrolase
EC all-trans-retinyl-palmitate hydrolase
EC all-trans-retinyl ester 13-cis isomerohydrolase